Total state canal debt reaches $7,706,013, which includes construction costs on the Cayuga, Oswego and Seneca canals. ** Lodi farmer Philip S. Lott begins keeping an account book; he will make entries for more than fifty years.
Cohocton's Congregational Church, built on land donated by deacon Thomas Crosby, is dedicated.
Livingston County judge and congressional delegate Moses Hayden dies in Albany in his mid-forties.
Canandaigua lawyer and politician Edwin Hicks is born in Bristol, New York.
The Buffalo Journal and General Advertiser announces that businessman Nathaniel Rathbun will build the local headquarters of the Bank of the United States branch, at Main and South Division streets
The Oswego County town of Amboy is formed from the Town of Williamstown.
Joseph Smith begins selling The Book of Mormon in Palmyra’s Grandin Building bookstore, where the translation was printed.
The Mormon church (Church of Latter Day Saints) is organized by Joseph Smith, Jr. in Fayette, near Cayuga Lake. Hyrum Smith, schoolteacher Oliver Cowdery, David and Peter Whitmer, and Samuel H. Smith comprise the founding committee. ** The electors of Canadice convene for the first time and elect town officers.
The Livingston County Bank opens in Geneseo, capitalized at $100,000.
Refinery operator Hiram Bond Everest is born in Pike.
Lawyer Sherman Skinner Rogers is born in Buffalo to Gustavas Adolphus Rogers and Susan Ann Campbell Rogers.
The Rochester-built steam-powered canal boat Novelty, recently towed on the Erie Canal to Utica to be fitted out with its engines, passes through to Lake Ontario on the Oswego Canal.
Stock subscriptions for the Bank of Buffalo are opened to the public at the Eagle Tavern. Capitalized at $200,000, within two weeks $1,654,250 is subscribed.
Very heavy rain begins falling in western New York, continues through the next morning.
The heavy rains cause a break in the Erie Canal in Bushnell's Basin near Pittsford's Grand Embankment . A culvert gives way a mile-and-a-half west of Pittsford and damage is done at Fairport.
Rochester optics manufacturer John Jacob Bausch is born in Gross Suessin, Germany.
Englsih traveler John Fowler tours Auburn Prison, goes on the visit the village, after having breakfast back at the hotel. He boards the stage and travels on to Cayuga, where they pass over the northern end of Cayuga Lake on the rickety wooden bridge, and continue on to the villages of Seneca Falls, Waterloo and Geneva. After looking around he contnues on to Canandaigua, arriving between eight and nine in the evening. He stays at Blossoms Hotel.
Fowler tours the village before breakfast. He goes on by stage, wagon, and on foot through Victor, Minden, Pittsford and Henrietta, arriving in Rochester late in the day.
Fowler tours the city, sees the spot where Sam Patch jumped, visits the market, then takes the stage to Geneseo, arriving around five PM. That evening he walks around down on the flats of the Genesee River.
After an unusually cold night Fowler awakes to dense fog. He leaves by carriage for Avon, arriving to find all that day’s coaches to the west have left. He spends some time hunting with the landlord’s son. The also visit a recently discovered mineral spring.
Fowler encounters a dumb-waiter for the first time at his inn. He travels through Caledonia, Le Roy, Stafford, Batavia, Alexander, Pembroke, Alden and Clarence, arriving in Buffalo, and putting up for the night at E. Powell’s Buffalo House.
Fowler encounters occasional rain. He explores the Erie Canal within the city.
Fowler goes swimming in Lake Erie at five AM, later visits the nearby Seneca village. He takes a stage to Table Rock at the Falls. He takes the trip behind them, is given a certificate by his guide. He then travels to Queenstown, Ontario, crossesd the Niagara River to Lewistown (Lewiston). ** The play Is He Jealous? is performed in Buffalo.
Fowler takes a stage back to Rochester, passing through and commenting on, Lockport.
Attorney Belva Ann Bennett (Lockwood) is born in Royalton.
Ira Carpenter builds a wooden bridge at the Cox Ferry site on the Genesee River near Rush. ** Batavia editor Frederick Follett merges his Spirit of the Times with Daniel P. Adams' People's Press. ** The Republican Aegis and Allegany Democrat is published at Angelica. ** British actor Tyrone Power visits America, tours upstate. ** A tavern is built at Gainesville, near Warsaw. ** Hamilton businessman Lathrop S. Bacon moves to Le Roy with his father, soon opens a general merchandise store. ** Vincent, a hamlet in the town of Bristol, becomes the largest processor of mutton in the country for the next twenty years, gaining the nickname Muttonville. ** The population of the Ontario County Town of Canadice peaks at 1,386. By 1890 it is down to 730 people. Orleans County's population has risen to 17,632, over twice as many people as in 1820. ** A total of $1,066,922 in tolls is collected on the state's canals. ** This year state ports clear 280,918 tons of domestic goods and 33,797 tons of foreign goods. ** The town of Mendon's population climbs to 1,922. * State courts convictions for the year total 1,058. ** A state loan of $500,000 from 1786, distributed back then among a dozen counties, is retired. ** The registration of steam vessels for foreign trade is begun. ** The first church in the Allegany County town of Allen is founded, by the Presbyterians. ** Seneca chief Sa-go-ye-wath-a (Red Jacket) dies, in his early seventies. ** The last wolf is killed in Monroe County. ** The Cohocton school district votes to spend $2.00 to repair the schoolhouse. Firewood is put out to bid at 81¢ a cord. ** A 35-foot-high, natural gas-powered lighthouse, the first to be so operated, is built On Lake Erie at Barcelona Harbor south of Fredonia. ** Young Mendon farmer Brigham Young sees a copy of the Book of Mormon for the first time. ** The approximate date the nearby Methodist Church in the Log Meeting House moves closer to Gorham. ** The First Methodist Episcopal Church in Wellsville is organized. ** The approximate date William Bradley opens a blacksmith shop in Elba. ** The approximate date Orleans area farmer Ezra Jones adds a kitchen to his farmhouse. ** Jonas Baldwin and John McHarrie complete their Seneca River gristmill. ** Overland travel time to Chicago is about three weeks. ** 188,610 men are currently enrolled in the state militia. ** The approximate date Fortunatus Gleason and his son Charles open a pottery and tile factory in Stafford. ** Beach’s four-story, stone mill is built in Port Byron on the mill race paralleling the Owasco Lake Outlet creek. ** The approximate date future diarist Mary Thorn’s family moves from the Saratoga region to the town of Chili. ** Civil War nurse Sarah Graham Palmer (Young) is born in Ithaca. ** Over the past decade Albany’s population has gained 96%, Buffalo’s 314%, Utica’s 183%, Rochester’s 512% and Syracuse’s 282%. ** Newfane’s eight school districts teach 370 children – cost $427.10.
A population of 8,653 climbs to 15,661 by year's end. ** The approximate date Augustus Porter, brother of General Peter B. Porter, builds a house at the intersection of Amherst and East streets. ** Lawyer Joseph Clary marries Maria Theresa Rathbun, daughter of New York City businessman Samuel Rathbun. The bride is a first cousin of Buffalo businessmen Benjamin and Lyman Rathbun. ** Lyman Rathbun and two other men are taken to court, accused of abducting and assaulting a local grocer. ** Millard Fillmore returns from his term as state assemblyman to resume his law practice with Clary. He moves to Buffalo. ** Over the past five years the Federal government has spent $71,000 on harbor improvements, including replacing wood in the works with stone. ** The approximate date the Pioneer Line, a passenger and mail stage service between Buffalo and Albany not running on Sundays, goes out of business. ** The Bank of Buffalo is founded. Israel T. Hatch, half-brother of governor Enos Troop, is named commissioner to the bank, along with David E. Evans, Pierre A. Barker, Guy E. Goodrich, and Stephen G. Austin.
The approximate date a house built by Augustus Porter at North Main Street and Scotland Road is moved to 91 Gibson Street. ** Pomeroy and Bull’s steam-powered flour mill is destroyed by fire.
Clearances through the Buffalo harbor double over those of 1826.
Population: 1,831, up from 1,582 in 1820. ** A home is built on the future Monroe Avenue for general store owner Ira Buck. ** A house is built on the west side of the first block of South Main Street for the Newcomb family, owners of a mortuary.
The population reaches 10,863, making it the 21st largest city in the country. In New England only four cities are larger; five in the southern U.S. are bigger. ** Businessman Edwin Scrantom and his wife join Brick Presbyterian Church. He writes about a number of travelers who have come to see the aqueduct. ** John Chattin purchases 55 acres of former Iroquois land south of the city for $660 from a speculator. ** The evangelist Charles Grandison Finney brings revivalism to the city. Thousands come to hear him; 635 join the city's three Presbyterian churches; 203 join the First Baptist Church; the Methodists build a church with seating capacity of 2,000. ** William A. Reynolds and Michael Bateham start the city's first seed business at the corner of Sophia and Buffalo Streets. ** The Tinker family builds a home on their Henrietta farm property. ** William Alling begins working for Quaker stationer and bookseller Elihu Marshall as an office boy. ** The city has 188 churches. Well over 50% of the population attend services. ** Newspaper editor Thurlow Weed move to Albany.
Skaneateles breaks away from Marcellus. Its population reaches 1,000.
© 2013 David Minor / Eagles Byte