The Cayuga & Susquehanna Rail Road, formerly the Ithaca and Owego, is chartered, the second railroad charter in the state - capitalized at $150,000.
Civil War officer Ely Samuel Parker, a Seneca sachem of the Wolf Clan, author of the terms of surrender at Appomattox, is born on the Tonawanda Reservation, in Indian Falls, New York to Senecas William and Elizabeth Parker.
Ezra R. Andrews, founder of Rochesterville's Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Company, is born.
The Sullivan County town of Cohocton is formed from the Town of Bethel. ** Construction is authorized by the state for a branch from the Cayuga & Seneca Canal , following the Seneca River looping north to Cayuga Lake, after receiving numerous petitions by residents of Cayuga, and Tompkins counties looking to solve the problems of low water and sand bars.
James Samuel Wadsworth reads law under U. S. Senator Daniel Webster, in Boston.
The Erie Canal opens for the season.
The packet boat Niagara is the first boat of the season to pass Syracuse, heading west on the Erie Canal.
The Canandaigua Railway & Transportation Company is founded, to connect Canandaigua and Watson to the Chemug Rail Road to Elmira. It’s capitalized at $50,000.
The Great Ausable Rail Road is organized, capitalized at $150,000, to connect Port Kent to the Ausable Forks. It’s never built.
The Genesee County Town of Gerryville changes its name to Alabama. ** The Auburn and Owasco Canal Company is chartered, with a capitalization of $100,000, to connect the village and Owasco Lake. ** Elmira village, the former Newtown, is organized with Stephen Tuttle as president; Theodore North, Charles Orwan, Lyman Covell, William Maxwell as trustees, and Hiram Gray as clerk. The local Masonic temple closes, a victim of the national William Morgan scandal. It will reopen fifteen years later. ** The Catskill & Ithaca Rail Road is organized, capitalized at $1,500,000, to connect the two villages. It’s never built. ** The Geneva and Canandaigua Rail Road is organized – capitalized at $100,000 - to connect the two locations. It’s never built.
Buffalo-born politician Peter Buell Porter is naed Secretary of State, replacing James Barbour who will be named Ambassador to the United Kingdom on the 26th.
Scottish traveler James Stuart boards the packet William Thomson for a three-year expedition to North America - first port of call, New York City.
Buffalo architect Cyrus K. Porter is born in Cicero, New York, to Welcome and Rachel Kinne Porter.
The Stuarts are late getting their seats in the carriage when the female servant fails to wake them on time. They reach Auburn just before sundown.
Stuart is given a tour of Auburn Prison, for a 25-cent fee.
Stuart’s party travels as far as the wooden bridge across the north end of Cayuga Lake, travel down the east shore to Aurora, put up at an inn (not the later Aurora Inn) for the night.
Stuart’s coach passes through Ithaca, then proceeds up the west side of Cayuga Lake, passing Taughannock Falls, through Ovid and on to Geneva.
Brockport lawyer Daniel Holmes, Jr. is born in West Bloomfield to Massachusetts native Daniel Holmes, Sr. and his wife Susan Hale-Stuart Holmes.
The Cayuga and Seneca Canal linking Seneca and Cayuga lakes to the Erie Canal is completed. An additional appropriation of $16,000 had been needed, bringing the total to $214,000.31.
Optician, businessman Henry Lomb is born in Burghaun, Germany, to Johnnes and Caroline Issbruecker Lomb.
New York’s Oswego Canal is completed, connecting the Erie Canal at Syracuse with Lake Ontario. Total cost is $525,115.
Future philanthropist Ezra Cornell moves from the Bronx to Ithaca. ** The first printing press in Wyoming County. ** The Rogers brothers launch their first schooner, the Jeanette, on the lower Genesee River. ** James D. Bemis sells the Western Repository and Genesee Advertiser to Morse and Harocy. ** Hamilton College tutor William Kirkland marries writer Caroline Stansbury and they move to Geneva to found the Domestic School. ** Great Lakes steamboat operator Josephus Bradner Stuart dies. ** 1000 gallons of whiskey is purchased at 20¢ a gallon for resale in Le Roy. ** Nathaniel Pitcher, Jr. is elected governor. ** A brick Steuben County court house is built at Bath. ** The legislature calls for a registry of canal boats. ** David S. Wilberforce replaces John T. Wills as captain of the Chautauqua. ** Elmira village is organized with Stephen Tuttle as president; Theodore North, Charles Orwan, Lyman Covell, William Maxwell as trustees, and Hiram Gray as clerk. ** Having outgrown its first structure, Binghamton's Broome County courthouse moves across the street into a new brick building. ** "Sally", probably Sarah Sullivan, "the belle of Boston", comes to Geneseo for a visit with young James Wadsworth and his family. ** 47,000 more acres of Seneca Indian reservation land are put on the market. ** The Oswego Canal opens north from Syracuse as far as Phoenix. ** A parcel of land northwest of Keuka Lake - the Beddoe Tract - goes on the market for farm land. George Stafford of Geneva marries Charlotte Beddoe of Branchport, daughter of landowner John Beddoe. Charlotte's brother dies of epilepsy this year. ** Jonas Baldwin and John McHarrie begin construction on a gristmill on the Seneca River. ** 1,160,888 bushels of salt are processed at Salina. ** Combined revenue from the Erie and Champlain canals totals $883,000. ** Robert Hyde Walworth becomes the last Chancellor of the State of New York.. ** Alva Palmer builds an inn at the Genesee Valley gorge which will later become the Glen Iris Inn of Letchworth State Park. ** Auburn Prison now has its prisoners working in seven shops – blacksmith, copper, shoe, tailor, tool, turning and weaving. ** Lawyer Simeon B. Jewett builds a Federal-style house on Lake Road in Clarkson. ** Future Volunteers officer Calvin Nicholas Otis moves from Spafford to Auburn after the death of his father, to learn carpentry. ** Mendon's Daniel Barnard fails in his re-election bid to Congress. ** Assemblyman Timothy Childs is elected to his first term in Congress. ** Albion is incorporated as a village. ** A Connecticut man settles in Brockport, notes it has eight or so stores and reminds him of a slightly smaller version of New Hartford.
Lawyer Millard Fillmore is elected to the state legislature. ** Beals, Mayhew and Company establish the village’s first foundry and machine shop, at Indiana and Ohio Streets. ** The Great Lakes schooner Guerriere delivers 2500 bushels of wheat from the west. Not finding a ready market here, they carry it down to Dunkirk. ** Benjamin Rathbun is elected a village trustee for a second one-year term. He will afterwards retire from politics. ** Use of the harbor increases 30% over last year. ** The Old Mail Line, renamed the Buffalo and Albany Coach Line, faces competition from the Pioneer Line, a rival that doesn't travel on Sundays. The new line sets up offices in the Steamboat Hotel with proprietor David E. Merrill as agent. The Buffalo and Albany establishes the Telegraph Line, offering higher cost, speedier service. ** The Bank of Niagara fails.
Merchant Charles J. Hill takes Lewis L. Peet on as a partner; the new firm becomes Hill & Peet. ** Loud and Peck's Western Almanack carries its first patent medicine advertisement. ** Abelard Reynolds builds an arcade on East Main Street. ** The first temperance meeting here is held in the Monroe County Court House. ** The Board of Trustees is given complete control of the maintenance of city streets. ** Elisha Johnson is elected president of the community for a second consecutive one-year term. ** Massachusetts transplant (1817) Ezra Parsons is appointed Monroe County Clerk.
A new weighlock building is completed, replacing the 1824 Erie Canal water level chamber used previously for weighing boats and their cargo.
Former British citizen Thomas Barnett buids a museum in Kingston, Ontario. In a year or so it will move to Niagara Falls.
© 2013 David Minor / Eagles Byte