Geneva diarist Josephine Matilda deZeng is born.
The Wayne County town of Macedon is formed from Palmyra.
The Allegany County town of Allen is created out of Angelica.
Yates County is created and named after the governor. The Town of Benton, formerly in Ontario County, becomes part of the new county. The total county population is 11,025; all but 46 are white. Ontario County’s population is 88,000-plus, under 750 are black.
Benjamin Rathbun, owner of Buffalo's Eagle Tavern, writes to Leonard P. Crary, hoping to interest him in investing in a planned stage line.
The town of Alden is formed from the Erie County town of Clarence. The county’s Town of Erie is established. In 1831 it will be renamed Newstead.
The towns of Auburn and Fleming are formed out of the town of Aurelius.
Wayne County, named for general Anthony Wayne, is formed from Ontario and Seneca counties. Officers are John S. Talmadge, first judge and surrogate; Hugh Jameson, sheriff; William H. Adams, district attorney; Isaiah J. Richardson, clerk.
Wyoming's County Town of Wethersfield is formed from the Town of Orangeville.
The Chemung County towns of Veteran and Catlin are formed from Catharines.
Pastor F. H. Cuming of Rochester's St. Luke's Church delivers the sermon The means by which the prosperity of the Church may be promoted, printed in pamphlet form next year by Everard Peck.
Businessman and philanthropist William Pryor Letchworth is born in Brownville to Quakers Josiah and Ann Hance Letchworth.
The cornerstone of Rochester's Presbyterian Church is laid.
The politically-motivated Erie Canal Commission meets in Buffalo, suspends construction on the extension there, turns their attention to Black Rock, setting off a massive counter-lobbying effort by Buffalo. ** The Baltimore-Conewago Canal commissioners leave Baltimore to meet with De Witt Clinton in New York City. They hire James Geddes as their canal director. From there they continue to Albany and take the Erie Canal route to Cayuga Lake. They take a steamboat to Ithaca and travel overland to the Susquehanna River. Their efforts are for nothing, their canal is not built.
Rochester miller Charles J. Hill marries Salome Morgan of Massachusetts.
A horse-car railroad opens between Rochester and the Genesee River landing at Carthage. ** Joseph Smith says an angel named Moroni appears to him and shows him the site, at Hill Cumorah, near Palmyra, where tablets containing the history of the lost tribes of America are buried.
On this day or the next Micah Brooks, Jellis Clute and Henry B. Gibson contract with former Indian captive Mary Jemison for her land on New York’s Genesee River, except for her 2-square mile Gardeau Tract, which she reserves for herself and her Indian family. Gibson, of Canandaigua, will settle there on the farm known a Taborlea.
An aqueduct designed by David Stanhope Bates is completed in Rochester, to carry the Erie over the Genesee River.
The first water is put into the completed portion of the Erie Canal.
Patience Jones Rathbun, 51-year-old mother of Buffalo tavern owner Benjamin Rathbun, arrives there from Batavia with her husband Moses. She will die shortly afterwards and Moses will remarry within eight months, to Batavia widow Charlotte Moore.
Burt Van Horn is born to miller James Van Horn and his wife Abigail at their new brick home on Eighteen Mile Creek in New Fane (Newfane).
Maryland native and Rochester co-founder Charles Carroll dies in Williamsburg, New York (no longer in existence, near Geneseo), at the age of 56.
The canalboat Mary and Hannah arrives in New York City with a cargo of wheat, the first to arrive from Seneca Lake via the Erie Canal. The owners are presented with an engraved urn.
Erie Canal commissioners sign a contract with John W. Hayes for the construction of the river lock on Tonawanda Creek, as well as a guard lock there and the Buffalo guard lock.
The first printing press in Yates County. ** The total value of shipments out of the Genesee River reaches $807,000. ** The top floor of a Syracuse tavern is converted into a stage. ** William Seward moves from the town of Florida to Auburn to become Judge Elijah Miller’s junior partner. ** William B. Rochester is named first circuit judge of the eight district. ** Painter Susan Catherine (Moore Waters ) is born in Binghamton. ** Historian-physician William Seaver interviews Mary Jemison. He will publish her biography this year. ** Millard Fillmore is admitted to the Buffalo bar. He takes on partner Joseph Clary, sets up offices in East Aurora to handle rural cases, leaving Clary in Buffalo to handle city cases. ** English native Henry Pellit arrives in Connewango from Onondaga County to settle. James Hammond arrives from Chautauqua County. Jotham Metcalf arrives from New Hampshire, Ralph Williams from Vermont. Asabel Brown arrives from Grand Isle, Vermont. Lomis Lillie, Joseph Cunningham and Luke Ward also settle here. Rufus Wyllys and Samuel Farlee build a saw-mill on Elm Creek. Luther Marlow settles in Connewango, on the lot owned by Daniel Whitin. ** Le Roy lawyer Herman J. Redfield is elected to the state senate. ** The Baptist congregation of Broome & Tioga is organized. ** Construction begins on Canandaigua’s Cooley Hardware Store, at 129 South Main. ** The Reverend Robert Hubbard, a Presbyterian minister, holds the first religious services in Allegany County’s West Almond, at the house of Daniel Dean. ** 15-year-old Geneseo student James Wadsworth is kicked out of Hamilton College for his unstudious ways. ** New Hope Mills is established on the west side of Skaneateles Lake, begins producing pancake flour. ** Wyoming County's Town of Eagle is formed out of the Town of Pike. ** Livingston and Monroe counties petition the state legislature to improve the Genesee River between St. Helena (at today’s Letchworth Park) and the north end of the rapids at Rochester. ** Under Auburn State Prison warden Captain Elam Lynds and his assistant John Cray the system of having prisoners work in contractors’ shops, under strict silence - the silent system - is adopted. ** The 1817 steamboat tax, established to help pay for the state’s canal system, is discontinued. Over its lifetime it brought in $73,509.99. ** Livingston County judge Moses Hayden is elected to the Eighteenth U.S. Congress. He will serve two terms, ending in 1827. ** Captain Samuel Erwin builds a sawmill on the Conhocton River at Painted Post.
Batavia becomes a village. ** The Eagle Tavern is built on Main Street.
The canal opens from Rochester to Albany, where a basin is being built able to handle a thousand canal boats. Brockport becomes the temporary western terminus. ** Genesee Valley business interests petition the New York legislature for a valley canal to connect the Erie Canal with the Allegheny River ** Samuel Wilkeson and Dr. Ebenezer Johnson of Buffalo supervise the construction of a dam and a lock at the mouth of Tonawanda Creek in North Tonawanda, the first work done on the western end of the Erie. The dam deepens the creek’s level to 4-and-a-half feet. ** A culvert is built at Medina to carry the canal over a road. ** The approximate date Elias and Gould Richardson convert the old Pardee building along the Erie Canal in Bushnell’s Basin into an inn and public house.
A man with a slashed throat in Parma becomes the county's first official murder victim. ** The first fair in the county is held.
The Yates County Medical Society is founded by Dr. Andrew Oliver and others. ** Surveyor Joseph Jones draws up a gaol liberties map, showing the confines of those under house arrest for debt.
The village celebrates the local opening of the Erie Canal. ** A 14-foot Genesee River waterfall at the site of Ebenezer “Indian” Allen’s mill of the 1790s is blasted away as part of the aqueduct construction project. The first pier of the new aqueduct is carried away by spring floods. ** Willis Kempshall becomes a partner of Ira West in a dry goods store. ** The village drops property-owning as a requisite for voting. ** The First Baptist Church is built. ** The village on the east bank of the Genesee River is incorporated into the village limits. ** Backed by Stephen van Rensselaer, geologist Amos Eaton makes a study of the lands flanking the Erie Canal, including Rochester's Genesee River Gorge. The study is concluded next year. ** Construction is begun on Washington Street for the home of Colonel Nathaniel Rochester. ** New Englander Nathaniel Hayward settles in the town of Brighton and buys seventy acres. ** Charles J. Hill is appointed quartermaster of the Twenty-third Division New York militia, responsible for reviewing a brigade annually. ** A catholic church, the first in western New York, is built by an Irish congregation, at Fank and Platt streets. ** Everard Peck and Company publishes local physician John G. Vought's "A Treatise on Bowel Complaints" and "The Speeches of Charles Phillips".
© 2012 David Minor / Eagles Byte