Tuesday, October 18, 2011


Jan 1

Onondaga Salt Springs superintendent Dr. William Kirkpatrick reports 1813 revenues

of $6,780 on 226,000 bushels.

Jan 7

Rochester politician Thomas Parsons is born in Chievely, England.

Jan 23

Future Buffalo mayor Eli Cook is born in Palatine Bridge.

Mar 25

Brighton and Pittsford are formed from the Smallwood area near Rochesterville.

Pittsford and Brighton (both formerly Northfield and then Boyle) is formed from

an area of Smallwood, located southeast of "Rochesterville". Pittsford is named

by resident and former Vermonter Caleb Hopkins for his home town in New England.


Colonel George Mitchell and 336 men march from Sackets Harbor to garrison Fort

Oswego. They find no usable arms but do inventory $8,000 worth of liquor and

provisions. Mitchell orders close to 4,000 gallons of whisky destroyed.

Apr 5

The Town of Sweden is created out of the Triangle Tract's Town of Murray.

Apr 25

Three British boats enter Sackets Harbor, are discovered and fired upon before

they destroy any U. S. ships.

May 1

The first U. S. defenders - under Colonel George E. Mitchell - arrive at Oswego’s

Fort Ontario.

May 5

British naval commander Sir James Yeo proceeds with his fleet to Oswego, along

with a large body of troops under Lieutenant-General Sir Gordon Drummond,

to storm the fort. They arrive offshore and fire a few shots into the village. One

strikes the chimney of Daniel Hugunin’s house. Few other shots are effective, and

at sundown the fleet moves off to prepare for the next day. ** Americans

T. S. Morgan, P. T. Newton, James Stephenson, William Squires and Commissary

Matthew McNair occupy “Half Moon Battery” in the old French Fort at Oswego,

today and tomorrow.

May 6

Colonel Mitchell and his troops prepare for an attack. Dawn brings fog; when it

clears the British are discovered close in, the flagship St. Lawrence directly off from

the fort, in the middle of the line. At 10 o’clock the bombardment is begun, lasting

until 1:30, when the British land below the Fort, and attack on the north side.

Captain Miulcaster I severely wounded. Lieutenant Daniel Blaney is killed; from

40 to 50 men are killed or wounded.. Mitchell and his troops escape through the

south gate, and march to the U.S. Warehouse at Oswego Falls, tearing up bridges as

they pass. The enemy enters the fort and marches through the village, destroying

property and arresting prisoners, among them McNair, Morgan and Stephenson.

A Mr. Dougherty’s blacksmith shop and the home of the widow Montgomery are

burnt. A schooner and three boats are taken.

May 7

The British sail from Oswego.

May 15

The British fleet is sighted from Pultneyville. General John Swift arrives with

close to 130 men. Townspeople convince him to permit one of them to go to

the enemy with a flag of truce and offer them the contents of a storehouse at

the water’s edge. The British land. They only find some moldy flour, other

supplies having been moved away earlier.

Swift’s forces begin harassing fire from a nearby woods. A small number of

the British fire at the snipers and take two U. S. prisoners. Meanwhile a British

soldier ransacking a chest on the second floor of Whipple’s Tavern is killed by

a stray bullet fired by his own side. The British board their fleet and sail away,

taking two Americans - Whipple Tavern bartender Richard White and Samuel

Ledyard warehouse clerk Prescott Fairbanks. The two will be taken to Halifax

then released a few months later.

May 28

U. S. ships enter Sandy Creek to await the delivery of naval supplies from Oswego

to Sackets Harbor. The British learn of the plan. The sounds of artillery are heard

coming from the direction of Sodus.

May 29

The British follow the U. S. ships into Sandy Creek, are ambushed and surrender.

Over 200 officers and troops are captured. New York forces suffer the loss of one

Indian and several men are wounded. The supplies are carried 16 miles overland to

Sackets Harbor for construction of the frigate Superior.


Commander Yeo is turned away at Charlotte at the mouth of the Genesee River,

being mislead by local militia into believing their numbers are far greater the they

actually are. The British refuse to believe that the Americans could be intelligent

or clever enough to carry off such a bluff.

Jun 23

Architect Calvin Nicholas Otis is born in Spafford.

Jul 2

General Jacob Brown leads 3600 U. S. troops across the Niagara River into Canada,

captures Fort Erie the next day.

Jul 25

U. S. forces under Brown fight the battle of Lundy's Lane, Ontario, on the Niagara

River. They beat the enemy to a standstill, retreat to Fort Erie. At war’s end, later

this year, he will be appointed commander-in-chief of the American Army.


British Lieutenant General Sir Gordon Drummond attempts to capture the blockhouse

and shipyard at Black Rock, fails.

Aug 14

Charlotte Fowler, younger sister of phrenologist Orson Fowler, is born to Horace

and Martha Howe Fowler in Cohocton.

Oct 17

The U. S. abandons its siege of Fort Erie. Part of the fleet retires to Sackets Harbor

for the winter, the rest sail on to Buffalo to wait for the spring.


Construction begins at Sackets Harbor on the U. S. warship New Orleans.

Dec 2

A second son, Mortimer Fabritus Reynolds, is born to Abelard and Lydia Reynolds,

the first white child born in Rochesterville.


The state canal commission is denied funds. ** A stone arsenal is built near Batavia. **

Future abolitionist Gerrit Smith enrolls in Hamilton College. ** The approximate date

farmer Martin Keiffer builds a two-story log cabin in Rush, near Honeoye Creek.

It will become part of the Genesee Country Museum. ** British investor Patrick

Colquhoun is compensated by the heirs of fellow capitalist Sir William Pulteney

for state lands overlooked by the original 1791 survey. Colquhoun had foreseen the

possibility and written it into his contract with fellow investor Pulteney. ** The Ontario

County Town of Canadice experiences a large influx of settlers. ** Lawyer-poet William

Howe Cuyler Hosmer is born to Avon lawyer George Hosmer and his wife. ** Future

Spiritualist conspirator Leah Fox is born to John and Margaret Fox, in Hydesville. **

The McDowell farm is established on Bath Road in Barrington, Yates County. ** Duty

Waite opens a second Cohocton school. ** 23-year-old attorney Freeborn Garrison Jewett

arrives in Skaneateles from Connecticut to set up practice. ** Tenants on Wadsworth

lands in the Genesee Valley are required to have made certain improvements on their

property and to deliver a portion of their crops to pay the taxes on the land. ** Miller

John McKay, a Scotsman from Shamokin, Pennsylvania, builds a two-story house in

Caledonia. ** The approximate date farmer Martin Kieffer arrives in Rush from

Pennsylvania, builds a two-story, eight-room log house. ** The state has 151,846

eligible voters. ** Cayuga Academy in the Military Tract (Onondaga County,

later Cayuga County) is given Lot 89 of Township 3. Onondaga Academy (Onondaga

County) is given Lot 100 of Towmship 1. ** Capital stock for the Cayuga and Seneca

Canal is increased to $60,000. ** Ridge Road, connecting Rochester to Lewiston

along the Niagara Escarpment, is improved. ** Monroe County has a population of

6,945, broken down by town - Brighton (675), Mendon (1,353), Penfield (1,874),

Perinton (821) and Pittsford (2,222).


Because Buffalo was burned by the British at the end of last year, blacksmith John

Gilbert moves east to Le Roy. ** Winthrop Fox builds a store at 1 Main Street.


James D. Bemis issues The Farmer's Diary or Western Almanack, the first almanac in

the Genesee Country. ** A home is built at 295 North Main Street for former U. S.

Postmaster General Gideon Granger. ** St. John's Episcopal Church is reorganized,

holds services in the town hall. ** Young Trenton, New York, businessman Bela Coe

settles here. ** A mail stage leaves here for the west three times weekly.


Daniel Penfield builds a flouring mill on Irondequoit Creek which will become

known as The Yellow Mill. ** The approximate date Gideon Cobb acquires the

southwest 100 acres of Lot 61, Township 13, Range IV, where Allens Creek enters

Irondequoit Creek. He will build a farmhouse on the top of a Penfield Road hill,

which will become known as Allens Creek Farm


Perrin Glover sells his inn to M. Kempton. ** John Mann rebuilds his mill, destroyed

last year by fire. Shortly afterwards he sells the mill to make way for the Erie Canal.


Nathaniel Rochester, Charles Carroll and William Fitzhugh divide up the 100-Acre

Tract among themselves. Gideon Cobb arrives, establishes a cattle and hay yard in

the Tract. ** Nathaniel Rochester is chosen as an elector in the Presidential and

Vice-Presidential elections. ** Yeo will be driven off at Charlotte, inaccurately believing

the number of local militia is larger than it actually is. ** The village's first school is built.

London, England

Former stockbroker and future New York State pioneer David Piffard, living in Paris

since 1802 because of his wife Sarah’s poor health, return to England.

© 2011 David Minor / Eagles Byte

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