Sunday, June 7, 2009

WESTERN / CENTRAL NEW YORK TIMELINE / 1735-1749

1735
Ganiodaio (Handsome Lake), half-brother of Cornplanter, is born.


1736
Mar 10
Governor William Cosby dies of consumption.


1737
Apr 9
A closed council of Iroquois chiefs is called at Onondaga to decide the fate of the Delaware, who signed away Iroquois land to the Proprietors of Pennsylvania. Iroquois chief Canassatego condemns them to move from their homes immediately to Pennsylvania's Wyoming and Shamokin valleys, and to never trade land again. Some move on to the Ohio country, away from Iroquois power.


1738

May 27

New York land speculator Nathaniel (Nathanial) Gorham is born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, to Captain Nathaniel Gorham and Mary Soley Gorham.


State
The approximate date two Iroquois are said to have been trapped on Goat Island at Niagara Falls when their canoe drifts near the cataract. They are rescued by soldiers after nine days on the island.


1739
May 3
U. S. canal engineer Christopher Colles is born in Dublin.

Jul 26
Future governor George Clinton is born at Little Britain, Ulster (later Orange) County.


1740
Jan 10
The British purchase a 20-by-30-mile tract of land on Lake Ontario’s Irondequoit Bay, but do not settle it.


1741
State
The Montauk Indian population has dwindled to 32 families, about 160 people. ** Lieutenant Governor George Clarke pays the Senecas £100 (about $250) for all lands six miles east of Irondequoit Bay as well as twenty miles west and thirty miles south.


Northeast
The 1741-1742 winter is a severe one.

Pennsylvania
Andrew Ellicott, grandfather of surveyor and land speculator Joseph Ellicott, dies of pleurisy, leaving behind five sons, including Jo, father of the Ellicott brothers.


1742
State
Future governor John Taylor is born in New York City.


1743
Jul 12
New York State land speculator Jeremiah Wadsworth is born to the Reverend Daniel and Abigail Talcott Wadsworth in Hartford Township, Connecticut.

State
Governor George Clinton takes office.

Indian Captives
The approximate date Mary Jemison is born to Thomas and Jane Erwin Jemison aboard the ship Mary William bound for Philadelphia from Ireland.


1745
Indians
At Lancaster, Pennsylvania, the Six Nations cede their land in the Ohio Valley north of the river to commissioners from New York, Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania. The Iroquois are given £800 in Pennsylvania currency, £300 in gold, control of several southern tribes and passage through the colony to attack the Catawba and the Cherokee.

State
The approximate date Avon co-founder Doctor Timothy Hosmer is born in Connecticut.


1747
Sep 30
Big Flats pioneer Christian Myneer (Minier) is born in Heidelberg, Pennsylvania, to Johann Georg Myneer and Marie Elizabeth Strunk Myneer.

State
Daniel Joncaire Sieur de Chabert visits Indians in the Black Rock area.


1748
Apr 11
Colonial Indian agent William Johnson, Mississaugi chief Tiyanoga, fifty volunteers and 13 Mohawks leave Mount Johnson on a 200-mile swing through Iroquois country.

Apr 23
Johnson and Tiyanoga arrive at Onondaga. In council Johnson hears Chief Red Hand’s concern that the British show no signs of an attack on Canada and that the tribes have neglected their own interests for two years while waiting for action. He promises to reply in the morning.

Apr 24
Johnson tries to convince the chiefs to not travel to Montréal to retrieve their captives, but to let the English government exchange them for French prisoners, even though he has no authorization for such an offer. They promise him an answer the following day.

Apr 25
The reply comes from Chief Canassatego. The Iroquois will let Johnson try to exchange French prisoners for their fellow tribesmen.

Apr 26
Johnson and Tiyanoga leave Onondaga for Mount Johnson.

Aug 10
Johnson writes to governor Clinton, reports the Indians have all left Mount Johnson with the exception of the Seneca Grota Younga, who stayed behind to have an ulcerous leg tended to.

Oct 14
Governor George Clinton demands that the salaries of governors and other officers be granted for a five-year term, rather than annually.

Oct 19
The New York assembly assures Clinton they will provide for all reasonable expenses, but not a five-year lump sum.


1749
Apr 28
William Johnson returns to Mount Johnson after a five-week tour of Iroquois villages, where he found the more western tribes wary of English promises. He dispatches a report to Governor George Clinton.

Jun 2
Antoine-Louis Rouillé, Comte de Jouy, French colonial minister, writes to Canadian governor, the Marquis de Galissonière from Versailles, backing his plan to use the natives to destroy Fort Oswego. He then writes to Galissonière’s upcoming successor Jacques Pierre de Taffanel, the Marquis de Jonquière, still in France, encouraging the future use of the Iroquois. ** Galissonière issues orders to officer Pierre-Joseph Céloron de Bienville to lead a force to the Ohio Valley, burying tin sheets carrying the French coast-of-arms along the way.

July
Céloron de Bienville and his party, traveling across the western part of the state, reach Fort Niagara. They will proceed to the Ohio Valley via Chautauqua Lake, depositing lead markers at each important river mouth.

Jul 25
Céloron reaches Kanaouagon (today’s Conewangeo) Creek.

Oct 17
North American land office agent Paolo Busti is born in Milan, Italy.

Oct 21
New York State land agent and politician Oliver Phelps is born in Poquonock, Connecticut.

Nov 3
Cayuga chief Sacanghtradeya brings William Johnson one of Céloron’s plates.

Nov 4
Johnson throws a feast for Sacanghtradeya, Tiyanoga, Wascaugh, Nichus and close to 300 other angry warriors. He successfully counters claims that the English and French have made an alliance against the Iroquois.

State
William Johnson writes to Governor George Clinton proposing a settlement on Irondequoit Bay, to shut out the French trying to buy English land. ** 193 Indian canoes bring 1,385 packs of fur to Oswego to trade with the British. In modern currency the pelts would be worth nearly $2,000,000.

© 2009 David Minor / Eagles Byte

1 comment:

Douglas said...

Thanks David for stating how much the animal pelts would be worth in today's dollars. It really gives a definate feel for how valuable the fur trade was.
Regards
Doug Morgan
Lima, NY Town Historian