Wednesday, April 29, 2009

Western / Central New York timeline / 1710-1724

Mar 23
South Carolina captures Fort Nochucke, Tuscarora stronghold in North Carolina,
ending the Tuscarora Indian War. Most of the tribe will flee to Iroquois lands in the

Nov 18
The British Lords of Trade and Plantations write to secretary of state for the southern department James Stanhope, praising the cooperation shown by the Iroquois Nations towards New York colony.

Tuscarora Indians, exiled by North Carolina colonists, move into New York to Ohagi (Crowding the Bank) near Piffard, and are adopted by the Oneidas for a probationary period. ** The approximate date the Seneca Indians begin a settlement southwest of the future Geneva, known to future archaeologists as the Townley-Read Site.

Future New York Indian agent William Johnson is born in Smithtown.

The Seneca Indians grant the French permission to set up a trading post – Fort de Sables (Fort of Sands) - at the Lake Ontario outlet of Irondequoit Bay. ** Louis XV begins sending Catholic fathers to central and western New York.

Joincare, French emissary to the Seneca, builds a log house near the Niagara River on the future site of Lewiston.

Apr 19
King George I appoints William Burnet as Royal governor of New York, replacing Robert Hunter.

Governor de Vaudreuil proposes founding three trading posts along Lake Ontario, to prevent British expansion in the area. Two are erected at Toronto and Quinte, the other is slated for New York colony.

May 9
A trading post, Le Magazin, is opened by France under Louis Joncaire, at the former site of the Denonville fort and the future site of Fort Niagara.

Joncaire the elder, the French ambassador to the Seneca, visits the Oil Spring near the Allegany-Cattaraugus border. ** The British erect Fort Schuyler (named for the captain out of Albany that came to build it) near the southern end of Irondequoit Bay at Indian Landing, to trade with the Seneca. ** Jesuit historian Pierre Fran├žois Xavier de Charlevoix preaches to the Senecas at Irondequoit, describes the bay.

Tuscarora Indians make the Five Nations of the Iroquois the Six Nations.** The British erect Fort Oswego, on the southern shore of Lake Ontario.

Governor William Burnet sends scientist-surveyor Cadwallader Colden to the western part of the state to report on activity between the French and the Indians, as well as geographical conditions. Colden's report is published as A Memorial Concerning the Fur-Trade of the Province of New-York.

© 2009 David Minor / Eagles Byte

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